TREND, GROWTH AND INSTABILITY OF AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY ANALYSIS OF MUSTARD IN BHIND (MADHYA PRADESH)

Ankit Soni,Dr J.K Gupta Shikha Shrivastava , Prem Ratan Pandey

Abstract


The cultivation of brown sarson which once dominated the entire rapeseed-mustard growing region is now shadowed by Indian mustard. Among various oilseeds cultivated in MP, mustard is the second major oilseed crop, after soybean. Mustard covers nearly 5.5% of net sown area in the state. Morena, Sheopur, Gwalior districts in the state have been registering higher mustard yield rate in the last few years. On the contrary, production has been falling in the districts due to unfavourable weather conditions. Under National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), various initiatives have been taken up to increase oilseed production in the state, including mustard, to meet domestic as well as global demand. In the state, the district of Morena leads in mustard production, with a share of 27% to the state’s total production, followed by Bhind (26%), Sheopur Kala (11%), Gwalior (7%), Mandsaur (6%) and other remaining districts (23%) (Production share calculation has been done for 10 years average i.e. 2005-2014-DES, MoA). India is a major producer of oilseeds, per capita oil consumption in India is only 10.6 kg/annum which is low as compared to 112.5 kg/annum in China, 20.8 kg/annum in Japan, 21.3 kg/annum in Brazil and 48.0 kg/annum in USA. The growth rate of 15 per cent per annum would be required in edible oil production in the country arrantly edible oil growth rate in India is only 4 per cent.


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References


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