Parmjeet Kaur Manisha


 India’s trade relation with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has developed significantly in the last two decades. India’s trade has traditionally changed due to introduced economic reforms. The main impact has been experienced on trade relation between India and GCC when India has signed Free Trade Agreement with GCC. After the year 2004 is special for the India and GCC countries and it is a turning point in the India-GCC trade. So, to calculate the impact of free trade agreement between India-GCC, this paper analyzes the trade flows of the GCC countries during pre and post free trade relations. To evaluate the competitiveness and trade relation between India and GCC, RCA and Intensity index have been used. The result of study reveals that competitiveness of India’s major export items to GCC are cereals and cereals preparation, feeding stuff for animals, vegetables & fruits, textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, petroleum products and related products & related products and artificial resins & plastic materials etc. The study indicates that presently Qatar, UAE and Saudi Arabia; they are the major trade partner of India among all GCC countries. So there is a dire need for appropriate policy measures for improving the magnitude of its export prospective to Oman, Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait is required.

JEL Classification: F15, F19, F53

Keywords: India-GCC Trade, RCA, Trade Intensity Index, Economic Integration.

Full Text:



Balassa, “Trade Liberalization and “Revealed” Comparative Advantage”. The Manchester School, 33(2) (1965): 99-123.

Das, Prasann Kumar, and Pradhan Samir Ranjan. India-Gulf Trade Relations. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance IOSRJEF, 4(1) (2014): 31-41.

Insel Aysu, and Tekee Mahmut. Bilateral Trade Flows in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: What happened to the Middle East Integration after 2003? Journal of Economic Integration 26(2), (2011): 244-275.

India-GCC Desert Dreams n.d., Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Diplomatist Special Edition. Accessible

Krishnaswamy, R, and Abhishek Shaw, Puzzle that is India-UAE Trade. Economic & Political Weekly, 49 (3) (2014): 75-78.

Kumar, R., & Ranjan, R. Evolution of Indo-GCC Trade Relation: The last two Decades. International Journal of Economics, commerce and Research, 2(4) (2012): 1-8.

Nassar Al-Mawali 2015, Intra-Gulf Cooperation Council: Saudi Arabia Effect. Journal of Economic Integration, 30(3) (2015): 532-552.

Pradhan, Samir Ranjan., India’s Export Potential to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries: A Gravity Model Analysis 2006. In Workshop Report, Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade, WTO/ESCAP. Accessible

Pradhan, Prasanta Kumar., India and Gulf cooperation council: Time to Look beyond Business. Strategic Analysis, 34(3), (2010): 409-419.

Pradhan, Prasanta Kumar. Accelerating India's “Look West Policy” in the Gulf. IDSA Issue Brief(2011).Accessible .

Rajan, Ramkishen S. and Sen Rahul. Trade Reforms in India Ten Years on: How has it Fared Compared to its East Asian Neighbours? 2000. (Discussion Paper No. 0147). Accessible

RigiLadez, Saeed and Khan Mohd Asif. Trade Relations between India and Gulf Cooperation Council Countries–An Empirical Study. International Research Journal of Business and Management, 7(13), (2014): 15-21.

Sahoo, Pravakar et al. India-Korea Trade and Investment Relations 2009: (Working Paper No. 242). Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations. Accessible

UNCOMTRADE. United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database Accessible

World Bank. Global Development Horizons. Multipolarity: The New Global Economy 2011. Accessible


  • There are currently no refbacks.